An estimated 65,000 bovines die in India every day.
Of these, less than 1% are estimated to be disposed of scientifically or hygienically.
Typically, these bovine carcasses are either buried, or skinned and dumped.
A ‘fallen animal’ is an animal that has perished (died) due to old age, or sickness. Such dead animals whose carcasses are left where they have died, are known as ‘fallen animals’. Abandoned cattle carcasses are typical examples of ‘fallen animals’.
Rendering is a process that converts waste animal tissue into stable, value-added materials. Rendering can refer to any processing of animal products into more useful materials.
Rendering is recycling in the truest sense, ensuring that an animal carcass - which is otherwise considered to be a burden for the farmer - can actually yield significant value.
Typically recovered materials include the skin (rawhide), tallow (fat) and the meat and bones, which are further processed into meat-cum-bone-meal or MBM.
Rawhide is the primary ingredient for the manufacture of leather and finished leather products. The leather industry is a major contributor of foreign exchange in India and employs an estimated 2.5 million people.
Animal fat, or tallow as it is known, finds application in petrochemical industries, pharmaceuticals, neutraceuticals and cosmetics. Animal fat can also be used to produce enviromentally-friendly biofuels.
Meat-cum-bone meal or MBM is a crucial ingredient for animal feed, particularly for poultry farming, aquaculture and pisciculture. MBM is also used to manufacture ready-to-eat pet food. It can also be used as organic fertiliser.
Madon Agritech LLP (MAT) is involved in the recovery and processing of carcasses (fallen animals), particularly bovine animal carcasses of cows and buffaloes. MAT utilises rendering technology to process fallen animal carcasses into useful by-products such as rawhide, tallow and meat-cum-bone meal (MBM).
As the rendering process is carried out at high temperature, it neutralises disease-causing prions and prevents secondary infections in a herd or farm stock, thus contributing to improved animal health and public health.
MAT believes multi-stakeholder arrangements are necessary to ensure carcass rendering is implemented in a scientific and sustainable manner. Sensitive to India's unique social, cultural and religious sentiments, MAT consults and collaborates with gaushalas, panjrapoles, religious trusts, the Animal Welfare Board of India and state governments of Maharashtra and Punjab.